Did You Know Fleas Can Cause These Serious Health Issues?

 

Do not go by the small size of the fleas and live in a misconception that their presence in your house is normal. It can be a worrisome situation if you have noticed fleas in your house. You must act in the right direction to get rid of them before their infestation rises, and you get prone to harmful diseases. The first sign of their presence is the red marks on your skin and the urge for intense itchiness on those red spots. 

Fleas are known disease carriers that can bring many types of allergies with them and cause serious reactions in people. The most vulnerable groups are those that are highly sensitive to environments and have low immunity. 

Fleas mostly choose a dog or a cat as their habitat, but they have the potential to enter a human system. They can transmit many diseases in a human system, and to protect yourself from them, it is essential to know about these diseases.     

Transmittable Diseases by Fleas

Following are the diseases that can be transmitted to you by the fleas:

 

Bubonic plague

This is the most common type of disease caused by fleabites. The symptoms of Bubonic plague are sudden fever, headache, and body weakness. Currently, this disease is mostly seen in the parts of the southwestern U.S. You will be amazed to know than in the 14th century, this disease spread like wildfire and killed over 25 million people worldwide. 

Thanks to modern science that we are able to develop antibiotics to save ourselves from its deadly effects. This virus can enter our homes in the form of rodents or fleas and get transmitted through their bites. 

Tungiasis

The main carriers of this disease are Tunga penetrans that are better known as the burrowing flea or chigger flea. Their most targetted body part is the feet. The fleas anchor themselves into the skin then burrows into the layers of the skin through the epidermis. 

These are mostly found in tropical regions or deserts. Therefore, people are generally advised to wear shoes while walking on the sand so that they can not affect you. 

 

 Murine Typhus

Murine Typhus is a type of bacteria that is found in the feces of the fleas. Bugs bite and defecate at the same time, and that is when they transmit this harmful disease into the human system. The bacteria enter the body either through the bite wound or due to scratching done over the bitten area. 

Headache, nausea, fever, and body aches indicate the presence of this disease in your body. If the red marks on your skin start spreading in the arms and legs, then you might need to take it more seriously. Cats and dogs are more prone to their infection, and they can bring this disease to your home.  

 

Tularemia

It is a bacterial disease caused by the Francisella tularensis bacteria and gets transmitted to humans through fleabites. If you are infected with this disease, you may get diarrhea, have joint pains, or feel gradual weakness in the body. The spread of tularemia can be prevented by using antibiotics. 

 

 Mycoplasma Haemofelis

This is another bacterial disease that gets transferred to cats via flea bites. The disease can further spread to humans by being in contact with the cats. It usually shows its effects on the people having a weak immune system. The common symptoms are vomiting, rashes, etc. The disease is treatable with the use of antibiotics.  

 

Tapeworms

Infections of the tapeworms are mostly seen in pets. They enter the pets through the mouth or bite wounds. They can further transmit the disease when exposed to children or older people. The spread of this disease in humans in quite unlikely. If it enters, it can be easily treated with a drug called praziquantel that can be injected or orally swallowed.  

 

Facts you need to know about Fleas

  • Fleabites can trigger some harmful allergic reactions in the body that may last up to a month. 
  • Fleas generally feed on animals such as dogs, cats, and other rodents. However, they can also bite and infect a human system. 
  • Fleas can be present at the bottom of the furniture, or the obsolete corners of your house. They are not present in the beddings. However, they can lay their eggs there. 
  • The fleas live in groups of three or four. 
  • Regular cleaning of the furniture, bedding, floors, and skirting boards can reduce the risk of fleas infestation. 

 

Complications Caused by the Fleabites 

You might get an allergic reaction or some kind of infection if the flea bites and its poison enters your system. The most common symptoms that may occur due to a flea bite is

  • Breathing difficulty 
  • Nausea 
  • Swelling in the lips

 

Home Remedies for Fleabites

There isn’t a need to panic if you get bitten by a fleabite. When they bite, the bacteria is still on the surface of your skin and hasn’t entered your body. So the foremost thing is to make sure not to scratch the place they have bitten. You may apply the following on the bitten surface to get relief and stop their spread:  

  • Calamine lotion
  • Tea tree oil
  • Cortisone
  • Vinegar

 

How to Remove the Fleas?

Use the following tips to remove fleas from your home:

  1. Empty the dust bag after using the vacuum cleaner. 
  2. Maintain good hygiene in your home by regularly cleaning floors, furniture, bedding, and base boards. 
  3. Treat your pets with anti-flea medication once a year to prevent them from fleabites. 

 

Takeaway

Fleas can be dangerous for you and your family’s health. So it is always the best to maintain a safe distance from them. If you find their presence in your home, it is best to make them go away as quickly as possible. However, if their infestation is too large, it is recommended to call professionals to treat them in the right way so that you and your family stays protected.